A Twitteraholic’s Guide to tweets, hashtags, and all things Twitter

Please note this post has been updated and it is better to refer to our new “The Twitteraholic’s Ultimate Guide to tweets, hashtags, and all things Twitter” post since:

  1. It is a more detailed post
  2. Includes an updated version of this post
  3. Covers additional topics.

Here is where you’ll find our new Guide to Using Twitter.

Conferences can make you feel really overwhelmed and alone — especially at a conference like ISTE amongst 13,000 ed tech professionals participants who attend each year.

But never for a twitterer.

For us Twitter users conferences are like walking into a big party where you know everyone and are meeting up with old friends.

So how do we use Twitter?

Here’s advice on using Twitter written with assistance from my twitter network and readers comments on this post — thanks everyone for sharing their tips!

And for those of you who have heard of twitter and have dismissed it thinking ‘”Twitter is for people with too much time on their hands” — think again 🙂  Educators are connecting with each other on Twitter and using it like a big teachers lunch room that’s open 24/7 whenever they need help, assistance or just want to connect with others.

Here’s tips for signing up for your Twitter account:

  1. Go to Twitter and create your account.
  2. Remember first impressions count!  Choose your username and an avatar carefully
  3. Choose a username that makes it easier for others to relate to you as a real person and conveys the right impression of who you are. e.g. Compare spwat3 with suewaters — which is easier?
  4. But don’t stress too much — your username can be changed anytime without affecting your twitter account  (Settings > Account)

Before you start following other people make sure you:

  1. Complete your bio and add your blog URL (if applicable) — people use this information to decide whether they follow you (Settings > Profile).
  2. Upload your twitter avatar — people are less likely follow those using the default avatar (Settings > Profile)
  3. Don’t start following people on twitter until you’ve published some tweets! Why would anyone follow you if you haven’t even bothered to update?

Setting up your twitter bio

Tips for who to follow:

  1. Choose about 100 people to follow initially
  2. Find people to follow who have similar interests or with blogs you like who either share great info and links or who willingly engage in conversations
  3. Follow a few people you know and follow who they follow
  4. Find a twitter mentor who will help and guide you.  Get them to ask their followers to add you.
  5. You can always ask me to help by sending an @suewaters tweet. Make sure when people do start adding you that add them back quickly plus thank them for adding you to their account!!!
  6. Don’t just follow anyone — follow those who have the same interests and who you like
  7. Remember following does not have to be forever — vet your following list to suit your needs
  8. And think about how you want to use it — to follow latest news? to follow other educators? to share what you know?
  9. Check out the Edublog Awards Best Individual Tweeter 2010 list to find educators others recommend following or quickly add all 42 of the top educational tweeters to instantly create or grow your PLN!

Check out the Edublog Awards Best Individual Tweeter list

Example of using a mentor to help build your network

Tips for engaging in the conversation:

Twitter is very similar to a face to face conversation.  A mixture of small talk, relationship building, helping others, getting help and sharing.

  1. Be patient it takes time to build your network.
  2. Use it everyday for four weeks, even if only for 5 minutes per day.
  3. Remember twitter is a two way conversation — you need to answer as much as you ask but most importantly share, share, share.
  4. Participate and say something, anything
  5. Get involved in the conversation. Don’t be afraid to reply and if you don’t get a response back, don’t be offended. It happens — you’ll soon see those that do/don’t engage in conversations
  6. Learn the twitter language and how to use it well i.e. @, DM, #, hashtags, RT — here’s information that will help.
  7. Use a twitter client where possible and not the web interface
  8. Avoid using up all 140 characters as it makes Retweeting harder
  9. Remember online is forever. If you didn’t want it online don’t say it in the first place.
  10. It’s extremely easy for others to misinterpret your written text. Remember this!
  11. Think about how what you say reflects on how people visualise you.

Examples of twitter language

Getting more out of Twitter Using Twitter Clients

A twitter client is a MUST as they provide instant notification of the latest updates and easy response to the tweets.

Which Twitter client you use is personal. Here’s recommendations from my twitter network:

For your computer:

The tweetdeck interface

For your mobile device:

  • Twitter for iPhone – iPhone, iPod touch
  • TweetDeck – iPhone, iPod touch
  • Twitterific –– iPhone, iPod touch
  • Twitbird – iPhone, iPod touch
  • echofon – – iPhone, iPod touch
  • Osfoora – iPad
  • Uber twiter – BlackBerry
  • Twitter for BlackBerry – BlackBerry
  • Tweetcaster – Android
  • Gravity – Nokia, Symbian

Example of TweetDeck a Twitter client

Connecting using Hashtags

A hashtag is any word on twitter that starts with the “#” hash sign.

Hash tags make it easier to search and follow the twitter conversations on specific topics.

How it works is everyone agrees to use a standard hash tag in their tweets when they tweet about a specific topic.  Then you set up a search for that hashtag using your twitter client, or use twitter search tools such as Twitter Search and Twitterfall to track the conversation.

Hashtags are commonly used at conferences to share thoughts on presentations, organise meet ups and coordinate after parties.  For example, the hashtag used at ISTE 2010 conference was #iste10.

Check out What is a Hashtag by Silvia Tolisano for a more detailed explanation.

Hashtags commonly used by educators include:

  • #edchat – used for discussions between educators on thought provoking topics.  You can read more about #edchat here
  • #ebshareEdublogs Twitter hashtag for sharing good links and for educators to tweet links at Edublogs so we can share them with our community
  • #teachertuesday – used on Tuesdays to recommend educators worth following
  • #followfriday or #ff – used by Twitterers on Friday to recommend people worth following.
  • #comment4kids – used by educators to tweet student posts that deserves to be commented on such as a post that is awesome or student that needs encouragement.
  • #lrnchat – used for discussions on thought provoking topics.  You can read more about #lrnchat here

And here’s the  Edublog Awards Most Influential Tweet Series 2010 list:

  1. #Comments4Kids– used by educators to tweet student posts that deserves to be commented on such as a post that is awesome or student that needs encouragement (learn more about Comment4 kids here)
  2. #cpchat -where Principals can go to connect on Twitter and have an ongoing conversation with other Principals (learn more here).
  3. #edcamp– Edcamp are educator unconferences and #edcamp (or variations of #edcamp with the conference) is the hashtag used for them  Here’s where you can learn more about Edcamp.
  4. #edchat – used for discussions between educators on thought provoking topics.  You can read more about #edchat here
  5. #edtech
  6. #eltpics – used by EFL educators to tweet images that they upload, tag and make available on Flickr to share their diversity
  7. #ELTchat-used for discussions between EFT educators on thought provoking topics.  You can read more about #EFLchat here.
  8. #ISTE10 – used for the ISTE 2010 conference
  9. #lrnchat – -used for discussions between educators interested the topic of learning (learn more about #lnrchat here)
  10. #midleved
  11. #nswdet – used for discussions by public school educators from New South Wales, Australia
  12. #ntchat – used for discussions by new teachers (learn more about #ntchat here)
  13. #scido – used for discussions by science educators (learn more about #scido here)
  14. #slpeeps – used for discussions by Speech Language Pathologists and students (learn more about #slpeeps here)
  15. #speakloudly
  16. #tlchat
  17. #ukedchat – ukedchat is a more UK-educator friendly version of the very popular twitter discussion #edchat (learn more about #ukedchat here)
  18. #ultranet – used by public school teachers in Victoria, Australia to discuss topics related to the use of their State’s Ultranet

Tips for using Hashtags

  • Do not place hashtags in front of keywords in your tweet for no real reason
  • Hastags are referencing events, news, software, or memes, not for random words
  • Commonly used hashtags such as #edchat are great for finding new people and conversations you would never have discovered otherwise
  • Excessive overuse of hashtags can make you look like a twitter spammer
  • Most twitters don’t mind hashtags when used for specific things such as conferences, events, groups but can get annoyed with excessive use of silly hashtags like #thingsthatannoyme
  • Always check the hashtag you’re planning to use by searching Twitter Search to make sure it isn’t already being used for another purpose
  • Set up a search for that hashtag using your twitter client to make it easier to engage in the conversations

Thanks everyone who shared their tips on using hashtags!

Setting up hashtag searches using TweetDeck

Example of Twitterfall in action

Public vs Protected Accounts

By default, when you sign up for Twitter your account is public and any one can see your tweets.

Some twitter users prefer to use Protected twitter accounts where their updates are kept private — where only approved followers can see their tweet updates. You change your privacy options in Settings > Account.

If you choose to use a Protected Twitter account then you need to appreciate there are people who won’t follow some one who uses a protected twitter account.

For those who won’t follow protected twitter accounts it is important to appreciate there are a range of reasons why an educator might choose to use a protected account and often it isn’t related to concerns of posting an inappropriate tweet.

It is also important to consider followers may be using a protected account when taking screenshots from Twitter — and where possible I prefer to ask if people mind me taking a screenshot.

Don’t forget here’s a cool way to grab a screenshot of a tweet and embed it to a blog post!

Thanks to Esra and Jane Lofton for reminding me to discuss Protected Twitter accounts!

And standing out from the crowd

Customzing your twitter background can make you really stand out from the crowd.

You change or upload your own twitter background via Settings > Design.

There’s a few options for creating your own twitter background such as:

  1. Use software like PhotoShop to design it yourself.  Here’s some helpful “Design to and best practice tips”!
  2. Use one of the many free online twitter background generators.

Here’s some worth trying:

1. Freetwitterdesigner.com

Freetwitterdesigner.com is very easy to use and provides a wide range of options for uploading your own images and adding text anywhere on the background.


2.  TwitBacks

TwitBacks is also very easy to use.  Creates a design with a text block on the left side of the background.


3.  The Escape

The Escape is a very simple, cute twitter background creator.

The Escape

Keeping up with links shared on Twitter

A twitter network is a rich source of great links to read and it’s handy to grab these links using twitter tools so you can check them out at your leisure.

Here’s a couple of options:

  1. Shiftlinks – creates an RSS feed of your links posted by your twitter followers which you can subscribe to using an feed reader such as Google Reader. This works works well when following a small number of people.
  2. The Twitter Times – creates a daily newspaper based on the top links shared by your twitter follower.  This works works well when following a large number of people.  Here’s my personalised Twitter Times.  You can also subscribe by RSS.
  3. Backtweets – used to monitor who is tweeting links to your blog and posts.

Example of how you can monitor links shared on Twitter using Twitter Times

Thanks to Dolores Gende for reminding me to discuss how to monitor links shared!

And let us not forget how we can use with our students

Check out Tom Barrett and friends 30 Interesting Ways to use Twitter in the Classro0om from Tom’s Interesting Ways To… Series.

Download a PDF version of  30 Interesting Ways to use Twitter in the Classroom here!

30 Interesting Ways to use Twitter in the classroom

Final thoughts

Everyone has their own secret ingredients for using Twitter.

  1. What did I miss?
  2. What are your tips for getting more out of twitter?
  3. Do you have any favourite twitter tools?

And please share your thoughts on why educators should use twitter and how to get more out of using it.

Thanks to everyone in my twitter network that helped write this post –really appreciated it and apologies for not listing everyone’s names but there were so many who helped!

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94 thoughts on “A Twitteraholic’s Guide to tweets, hashtags, and all things Twitter

  1. Pingback: Twitter |
  2. Thanks Linda. Glad you found my post useful.

    Twitter changed how services can authenicate against it. This has impacted with a lot of services including our Twitter tools plugin. We are currently trying to fix it 🙁

    I’m sorry but for now you will need to manually twitter your posts.

  3. Sue,
    Thanks you…wonderful post. Maybe you can tell me how to tweet my edublog posts directly to Twitter. On my dashboard, there are instructions to do so, but when I test my Twitter log in, I get a message that login failed and then “Error message from Twitter:” and then, no error message. I’ve tried to work out the problem from both directions: from Edublogs and from Twitter, but can’t come up with a solution. Any ideas? Thanks1

  4. @AmandaMichelle I don’t believe I recommended following back everyone that follows you for exactly the reasons you highlight here.

    I’m probably unusual in that, even with the high number of people that I follow, I still manually check every person that I follow — unlike others that use auto-follow services.

    Great points about the email notifications. I keep meaning to get around to turning mine off — on my to-do-list. I now use the New Followers list in TweetDeck to work out who to add as a follower. Unfortunately if they don’t have any thing in their bio then I’m less likely to add as a follower as I don’t have time to constantly check.

  5. LOVE this post. The only thing I disagree with is the idea of following back everyone that follows you. It’s a good way to investigate new ppl to follow (if they like what you have to say, there’s a good chance you’ll like what they have to say). However, a) bots are vicious & it’s just WAY too much energy to deal with following back everybody/thing that follows you & b) I find that I tweet so much randomness, I attract a lot of different folks & I’m really not that interested in following them all.

    My method: 1) I stopped getting follow & dm notifications once I reached about 300 folks (I probably could have stopped these much earlier; I only stopped them because my inbox was overwhelmed). 2) I send out periodic messages letting people know what I tweet about and encouraging them to engage me. These days, most of the people I follow are people who respond to something I tweet or just say hello, ask a question, etc. Of course, I also pay attention to #ff & folks my friends interact with. My follower count has increased astronomically since I started doing that.

  6. Very informative! I’ve been exploring twitter on my own and already know most of written above but there were a couple of new things! Certainly similar posts should be posted somewhere on twitter.com because I personally wish to have read this a year ago:( Thank you for writing this, this was a good job!

  7. Sue – Thank you! I was in the midst of building a similar guide for a Twitter Nuts & Bolts class I’ll be teaching in a couple of weeks for teachers in my district. You have included all of the things I was thinking of here!

  8. Ha thanks for that, every bit of help counts with nutting out how to tweet effectively, hugely informative posting clear and concise which means I will definitely forward it to some of my oldies who are a bit baffled by all this “new fangled” tweetery stuff, yet are curios enough to want to dip a toe into the social world.

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