The Twitteraholic’s Ultimate Guide to tweets, hashtags, and all things Twitter

Most educators who learn to use Twitter effectively say they learn more from their personal learning network (PLN) on Twitter than they’ve achieved from any other forms of professional development or personal learning.

Unfortunately educators often dismiss Twitter, or fail to see the value of Twitter, when they’re first introduced to Twitter.

Our aim of this post is to provide all the information you need to learn how to use Twitter effectively as an educator.

We regularly update this post with new information.  This post was last updated June, 2014.

Ultimate Twitter Guide 2014

Click on a link below to go to the section you want to read:

  1. About the Twitter-a-holic’s Ultimate Guide
  2. Introduction to Twitter
  3. Signing up for your account
  4. What to do before following other people
  5. Tips on choosing who to follow
  6. Tips for engaging in twitter conversations
  7. Introduction to Twitter terminology
  8. Protected vs Private Twitter accounts
  9. Getting more out of twitter using Twitter Clients
  10. Getting Started with TweetDeck
  11. Using the Twitter app on your mobile device
  12. Posting links when composing tweets
  13. Connecting with others using Hashtags
  14. Tips for using Hashtags
  15. Participating in Twitter Chats
  16. How to create and use Twitter lists
  17. How to Schedule tweets
  18. How to embed Tweets
  19. Customize your profile
  20. What to do if your twitter account is hacked.
  21. Keeping up with links shared on Twitter
  22. Getting more out of Twitter with Twitter Tools
  23. Using Twitter with students

About the Twitter-a-holic’s Ultimate Guide

The original Twitter-a-holic’s Guide was published in July, 2010 when I’d just returned from attending a large conference overseas and realized that while a conference can make you feel really overwhelmed and alone — especially amongst the 13,000 ed tech professionals participants who attend it each year — I never felt alone.


Because for Twitterers conferences are like walking into a big party where you know everyone and are meeting up with old friends.

So I decided to share advice on using twitter to help others since I’ve been using Twitter since March 2007 and wrote the post with assistance from my twitter network and readers comments — thanks everyone who helped!

For those who have heard of twitter and have dismissed it thinking ‘”Twitter is for people with too much time on their hands” — think again!

Educators are connecting with each other on Twitter and using it like a lunch room that’s open 24/7 whenever they need help, assistance or just want to connect with others.

The post you are currently reading is an updated version of the original post which I published in 2012.   We’ve now redirect all traffic from the original post to this post; and regularly update this post.  This post was last updated June, 2014.

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Introduction to Twitter

Twitter is an online social network and micro-blogging service that enables users to send and read tweets on their computer and mobile devices,  in the form of text messages limited to 140 characters.

Common misconceptions are that twitter is: for celebrities, sports stars and journalists: like posting an update to Facebook; or like an email where you need to read everything.

Twitter is about connecting with others as part of a global community who will help you with your learning,  improving your lessons, helping your students connect with other students and content experts.

Watch this video to learn how Twitter is used effectively in education.

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Signing up for your account

  1. Go to Twitter and create your account.
  2. Remember first impressions count!  Choose your username and an avatar carefully
  3. Choose a username that makes it easier for others to relate to you as a real person and conveys the right impression of who you are. e.g. Compare spwat3 with suewaters — which is easier?
  4. But don’t stress too much — your username can be changed anytime without affecting your twitter account  by editing your profile information.
  5. When you initially sign up for Twitter it takes you through a series of steps where you can select people to follow.  DON’T follow anyone when you first create your account.
  6. You need to scroll to the bottom of the page and click “Skip this Step” until you get to your main Twitter page as it is important to set up your profile information and post a few tweets before you follow anyone.

Watch this video on how to sign up for your account.

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Before you start following other people

  1. Complete your bio and add your blog/website URL (if applicable) — people use this information to decide whether they follow you.  Focus on providing information that helps others work out if you have similar interests/background.
  2. Upload your twitter profile picture — people are less likely follow those using the default avatar as it’s common for a spammer to use a default avatar.
  3. Don’t start following people on twitter until you’ve published some tweets! Most people won’t follow a person who hasn’t updated.

Add your profile information

Watch this video on how to upload your profile image, twitter header and edit your twitter profile.

Watch this video to learn how to post your first tweet.

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Tips on who to follow

  1. Choose about 100 people to follow initially.  You can always add more as you go and this helps you not feel overwhelmed when starting out.
  2. Find people to follow who have similar interests or with blogs you like who either share great info and links or who willingly engage in conversations.
  3. Follow a few people you know and follow who they follow.  Look at who they chat with or check their Following list. 
  4. Find a twitter mentor who will help and guide you.  Get them to ask their followers to add you.
  5. You can always ask me to help by sending an @suewaters tweet. Make sure when people do start adding you that add them back quickly and thank them for adding you to their account!!!
  6. Don’t just follow anyone — follow those who have the same interests and who you like.
  7. Remember following does not have to be forever — you can regularly update/change who you follow to suit your needs.
  8. Think about how you want to use it — to follow latest news? to follow other educators? to share what you know? to connect with others?
  9. Check out the Edublog Awards Best Individual Tweeter 2013 list to find educators others recommend following!
  10. Participate or check out the different weekly hashtag conversations.  They are a great way to find new people to follow (refer to hashtag information below).
  11. Check out new followers before following.  Look at their bio, how many they are following, how many follow them and their latest tweets.  This information helps you work out if they are the type of people you like to follow.


Watch this video to learn how to follow people.

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Tips for engaging in the conversation

Twitter is very similar to a face to face conversation.  Think of Twitter as a conversation with work colleagues in the lunch room.   A mixture of small talk, relationship building, helping others, getting help and sharing is just as important on Twitter as it is in the lunch room.

  1. Be patient.  It takes time to build your Twitter network.
  2. Use it everyday for four weeks, even if only for 5 minutes per day.  Some people find that setting a goal of 15 minutes a day for the first few months helps.
  3. Remember twitter is a two way conversation — you need to answer as much as you ask but most importantly share, share, share.
  4. Participate and say something, anything.  Don’t always expect people to always answer.  It does depend on how many you follow and what you’re asking. 
  5. Get involved in the conversation. Don’t be afraid to reply and if you don’t get a response back, don’t be offended. It happens — you’ll soon see those that do/don’t engage in conversations
  6. Learn the twitter language and how to use it well i.e. @, DM, #, hashtags, RT
  7. Use a twitter client where possible and not the web interface.
  8. Avoid using up all 140 characters as it makes Retweeting harder
  9. Remember online is forever. If you didn’t want it online don’t say it in the first place.
  10. It’s extremely easy for others to misinterpret your written text. Remember this!
  11. Think about how what you say reflects on how people visualise you.
  12. Educators love following people who share great links since it saves them time. Steven W Anderson’s (@web2classroom) is a great example of this type of Twitterer.

Watch this video to learn how to reply, retweet and engage in Twitter conversations.

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Intro to Twitter language


  • Your Twitter username.

@reply and mentions

  • an @reply is used when a person is having a conversation with another twitterer.  An @reply starts with the @username of the person who the tweet is directed at.

a Reply

  • You’ll only see @replies between two people if you follow both twitterers or you are looking at another person’s tweet timeline.

Sending an @reply

  • Mentions is any Twitter update that contains “@username” anywhere in the body of a tweet.  For example, you use @username within a tweet when referring to specific twitter users.  All your twitter followers are alerted to tweets including @username provided the @username isn’t placed at the start of the tweet and the person who you mention isn’t using a protected Twitter account.


  • Your @replies and mentions are located under Mentions on the Notification page.


DM (also known as Direct Message)

  • Direct messages are private messages sent from one Twitterer to another.  They can’t be seen by other users.
  • You can only send a direct message to a person who follows you and they can only reply to your direct message if you also follow them.
  • It’s bad twitter etiquette to send a direct message to someone that follows you that you don’t follow back — they can feel uncomfortable asking you to follow them when you initiated the direct message.
  • Direct messages are accessed by clicking on the envelope icon in the top right navigation bar via the web or on the Twitter app on your mobile device.

direct message

# (Hashtags)

  • Any word starting with the “#” hash (pound) symbol is known as a hash tag.
  • Hash tags make it easier to search and follow the twitter conversations on specific topics.
  • Read more about connecting with others using hashtags here.


RT (also known as a Retweet)

  • Any tweet starting with “RT” means someone is re-tweeting some one else’s tweet.

Example of a Retweet

  • Retweets are used to quickly share tweets by someone else that might contain links, news or anything you think your twitter followers will find interesting.
  • Retweeting is an important way twitterers share information across the Internet.
  • You won’t always see “RT” at the start of a retweet as it does depend on what twitter client you are using.  Some clients enclose the Tweet in quotes while other clients may add via and the original twitterer’s username at the end of the tweet.

Example of a Retweet

  • If you are a blogger than it’s important to add a Retweet option to your blog posts, such as AddThis Social Share or Share Options, as Twitter is an essential way people now learn about posts worth reading.

MT (also known as a modified tweet)

  • Any tweet starting with “MT” means someone is re-tweeting some one else’s tweet but have modified the tweet.   A re-tweet might be modified to make the tweet fit into the 140 characters or to add your extra thoughts to the conversation.
  • Used to quickly share tweets by someone else that might contain links, news or anything you think your twitter followers will find interesting while making your followers aware that you have modified the tweet.
  • Retweets and modified retweets are an important way twitterers share information across the Internet.

Modified Tweet


  • Favorites are represented by a small star icon next to the tweet and are normally used when a twitterer wants to save (refer) to a tweet later.


  • When you favorite a tweet the original person who posted the tweet is notified that you like their tweet.
  • You access the tweets you have favorited by clicking on Me in the top right navigation bar via the web or on your Twitter app on your mobile device and clicking on Favorites.

Viewing favorited tweets

Search (Discover)

  • Learning how to search twitter well is a key skill for getting the most out of Twitter.
  • You can search for any person, keyword, hashtag etc using the search box in the admin bar  via the we or use the # Discover section.
  • The #  Discover section is all about discovering new content.  Here you’ll find curated tweets from people who you don’t follow and can search for content.  When geolocation is activated (Settings > Account) you’ll also see curated tweets from what going on near you in real time.
  • Try it out for yourself!  Next time there’s an important news story locally or globally go to the # Discover section add the name of the location or event and check out the latest tweets as it is being reported.

Searching twitter

Notifications and Mentions

  • The Notifications tab offers a simple way to see how others on Twitter are interacting with you. 
  • Just click on  Notifications in the top left navigation bar via the web or on the Twitter app on your mobile device. and you see all tweets directed to you (@replies and mentions), new followers. your Tweets that have been favorited by other users and any twitter lists you’ve been added to.
  • Click on the Mentions tab on the Notifications page if you only want to see your @replies and mentions.

Notifications page

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Public vs Protected Accounts

By default, when you sign up for Twitter your account is public and any one can see your tweets.

Some twitter users prefer to use Protected twitter accounts where their updates are kept private — where only approved followers can see their tweet updates. You change your privacy options in Settings > Security and Privacy.

If you choose to use a Protected Twitter account then you need to understand there are people who won’t follow some one who uses a protected twitter account.

For those who won’t follow protected twitter accounts it is important to understand there are numerous reasons why an educator use protected account and it might not be related to concerns of posting an inappropriate tweet.

It is also important to be aware that if you tweet to several people in the same tweet, and one person has a protected account, the other people won’t see your tweet if they aren’t being followed by the protected Twitter user’s account.

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Getting more out of Twitter Using Twitter Clients

A twitter client is a MUST as they provide instant notification of the latest updates and easy response to the tweets.

Which Twitter client you use is personal.

The most commonly used Twitter clients are:  

TweetDeck and Hootsuite are popular because of their ability to add extra columns makes it easy to filter and keep up with conversations using the columns.  You can sign into  TweetDeck and Hootsuite using your web browser.

I personally prefer using the desktop version of TweetDeck.

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Getting Started with TweetDeck

TweetDeck is one of the most popular desktopTwitter client because it’s ability to add extra columns makes it easy to filter and keep up with conversations using the columns.

The other benefits of TweetDeck is it allows you to manage multiple Twitter and Facebook accounts, using your TweetDeck account, and synchronize your configuration when you use TweetDeck on different computers and mobile devices.  No need to reset up your columns of @, searches, inbox, hashtags, lists and so on again!


To get started with TweetDeck you just need to:

1. Go to or install the desktop version of TweetDeck.

2. Launch TweetDeck and sign in with your Twitter account.

  • Use a twitter account that isn’t shared with other people.
  • Once you have signed in, you can connect multiple Twitter accounts to your TweetDeck account.

3.  Below is a summary of the main features of TweetDeck.

Summary of TweetDeck menu:

TweetDeck menu

4.  Just click Compose a tweet icon to write your tweet.

Compose a tweet

5  Here’s a quick overview of what each icon on a tweet does.

Icons on a tweet

Clicking on the More icon reveals other options.

Under the more option

6.  You can move a column, customize, change alerts and delete columns by click on the down down arrow on a column.

TweetDeck Column Settings

Watch this video to learn how to use TweetDeck.

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Getting started with the Twitter app

There are a wide range of Twitter apps you can use on your mobile devices however the most commonly used is Twitter’s own Twitter app ( iOS | Android ).

Refer to the following video tutorials to learn how to use the Twitter app.   I was unable to find any good video tutorials for Androids and I recommend you watch the video tutorials for iOS devices as the Android Twitter app version is very similar to the iOS version.

Watch this video to learn how to use the Twitter app on your iPhone.

Watch this video to learn how to use the Twitter app on your iPad.

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How to Post Links

It’s common to see links posted on Twitter appear as shortened links because it makes it easier to include a URL within the 140 character Twitter limit.

Previously if you wanted shortened a link when writing a tweet on the web interface you had to use a URL shortening services, such as and, and then paste the shortened link into the tweet box on

Twitter has now introduced automatic link shortening which means you no longer need to use a third party service to shorten your links.  All links posted into the compose box on, TweetDeck and their mobile Twitter apps are automatically shortened.

Links shortening

Please note some twitter clients automatically shorten links for you using services such as

While you can continue to use another URL shortening service the benefits of using Twitter’s automatic link shortening include:

  1. It’s quicker.
  2. Unlike other URL shorteners, Twitter’s shortener,, creates a link that is a shortened version of the original link and includes the full domain name so your followers will know the site they are going to when they click the link.
  3. Shortened links are a common method used to hacked Twitter accounts . URLs converted by Twitter’s link service are checked against potentially dangerous sites — this is designed to help protect users from malicious, phishing and offensive links.

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Connecting using Hashtags

A hashtag is any word on twitter that starts with the “#” hash (pound) sign.

Hash tags make it easier to search and follow the twitter conversations on specific topics.

How it works is everyone agrees to use a standard hash tag in their tweets when they tweet about a specific topic.  Then you set up a search for that hashtag using your twitter client, or use twitter search tools such as Twitter SearchTwitterfall or Tagboard to track the conversation.


Hashtags are also commonly used at conferences to share thoughts on presentations, organize  meet ups and coordinate after parties.  For example, the hashtag used at ISTE 2013 conference was #iste13

Here are some of the commonly used educational hashtags:

  1. #arted – art education
  2. #Comments4Kids– used by educators to tweet student posts that deserves to be commented on such as a post that is awesome or student that needs encouragement (learn more about Comment4 kids here)
  3. #earlyed – Early education
  4. #edchat – used for discussions between educators on thought provoking topics.  You can read more about #edchat here
  5. #ELTchat-used for discussions between EFT educators on thought provoking topics.
  6. #lrnchat – -used for discussions between educators interested the topic of learning (learn more about #lnrchat here)
  7. #edcamp– Edcamp are educator unconferences and #edcamp (or variations of #edcamp with the conference) is the hashtag used for them  Here’s where you can learn more about Edcamp.
  8. #ukedchat – ukedchat is a more UK-educator friendly version of the very popular twitter discussion #edchat.
  9. #cpchat -where Principals can go to connect on Twitter and have an ongoing conversation with other Principals (learn more here).
  10. #d5chat – daily 5 hash tag
  11. #ebshare – Edublogs Twitter hashtag for sharing good links and for educators to tweet links at Edublogs so we can share them with our community
  12. #edchatie – Irish freiendly version of #edchat (learn more here).
  13. #edtech – general hash tag used for posting about technology related resources for the classroom and education.
  14. #educationation – created by NBC last summer ti highlight their series on reports on Education in the USA.
  15. #educoach – for instructional coaches/leaders.
  16. #eduit – Blends the educational side of technology with the technical side.
  17. #elemchat -To provide elementary (or primary) school educators a venue for discussing issues and strategies that are specific to teaching in the elementary school context (learn more here).
  18. #ellchat – repository of ideas for teaching English language learners (learn more here).
  19. #eltpics – used by EFL educators to tweet images that they upload, tag and make available on Flickr to share their diversity
  20. #engchat –  English freiendly version of #edchat (learn more here).
  21. #followfriday or #ff – used by Twitterers on Friday to recommend people worth following.
  22. #kinderchat – for those working with small children (learn more here)
  23. #lmchat – For those interested in the topic of learning from one another and who want to discuss how to help other people learn in formal, informal, social and mobile ways (learn more here).
  24. #mlearning – for conversations on mobile learning.
  25. #musedchat – for music education (see more here).
  26. #pegeeks – for health and physical education.
  27. #pencilchat – amusing and thought provoking parody about ICT use in schools.
  28. #playoutdoors
  29. #scichat – for science educators (see more here).
  30. #slpeeps – for speech language pathologists and students (learn more about #slpeeps here).
  31. #spedchat – for special education (see more here).
  32. #tlchat – for school librarian community (see more here).
  33. #teachertuesday – used on Tuesdays to recommend educators worth following
  34. #ukfechat – for UK educators interested in further education discussions (see more here).
  35. #yourmatter – Created by @AngelaMaiers to talk about how we are all wonderful in our own ways.

For more hashtags used in education refer to:

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Tips for using Hashtags

  • Do not place hashtags in front of keywords in your tweet for no real reason
  • Hastags are for referencing events, news, software, or memes, not for random words
  • Commonly used hashtags such as #edchat are great for finding new people and conversations you would never have discovered otherwise
  • Excessive overuse of hashtags can make you look like a twitter spammer
  • Most twitters don’t mind hashtags when used for specific things such as conferences, events, groups but can get annoyed with excessive use of silly hashtags like #thingsthatannoyme
  • Always check the hashtag you’re planning to use by searching Twitter Search to make sure it isn’t already being used for another purpose
  • Set up a search for hash tags using your twitter client to make it easier to engage in the conversations

Learning how to use hashtags well, and who you follow, are key skills for getting the most out of Twitter.

Monitoring hashtags using TweetDeck columns is as easy as:

 1.  Add your hashtag term to the search box in TweetDeck and press Enter.

Adding a search column for a hashtag

2.  When the search window loads click on Add Column.

Click on Add Column

3.  Your search column will load in TweetDeck and all tweets using that hashtag will be updated as they’re tweeted.

Search column in Tweetdeck

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Participating in Twitter Chats

Twitter chats are where educators meet at a set ‘meeting time’ to engage in conversations by sending out tweets on a topic using a designated hashtag during a specific time on a certain day.

During the twitter chat you’ll see educators tweet their responses in real time.  The best way to participate in a Twitter chat is to set up twitter search for the hashtag in TweetDeck, Hootsuite or in the Twitter app on your mobile device.

You’ll find our detailed step by step guide to participating in Twitter chats here.

Popular Twitter Chats are:

  • #edchat – normally takes place on Tuesdays around 12 PM EST (USA) and 7 PM EST (USA).  Learn more here.
  • #edchatie – Irish friendly version of #edchat (learn more here).  Takes place every Monday night 8.30-9.30 PM (GMT).
  • #engchat –  English freiendly version of #edchat (learn more here).  Takes place every Monday at 7-8 PM EST (GMT).
  • #kinderchat – for those working with small children (learn more here).  Takes place on Mondays 9.00 PM EST (USA) and 8:30 PM EST (USA).
  • #lmchat – For those interested in the topic of learning from one another and who want to discuss how to help other people learn in formal, informal, social and mobile ways (learn more here).  Takes place Thursdays at 8:30-9:30 PM EST (USA)
  • #spedchat – for special education (see more here).  Takes place on Tuesdays from 9:00-10:00 PM EST (USA).
  • #ukfechat – for UK educators interested in further education discussions (see more here). Takes place on Thursdays 9:00-10:00 PM (GMT).

You’ll find a complete list of weekly Twitter Chats here.

Watch this video on How to participate in a Twitter Chat.

This is a ‘must watch’ video for any one who wants to host a Twitter chat because Vicki Davis shows examples of schedule tweets she has set up in HootSuite to help participants (you’ll see these examples at 2:25 minutes into the video).  HootSuite works very similar to TweetDeck.

Learn how to schedule Tweets for a Twitter chat here.

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How to create and use Twitter Lists

A great aspect of twitter is you can organize other twitter users into groups called ‘lists’.  When you view a list, you’ll see a twitter stream of all the users that are included in that group.

The benefits of twitter lists include:

# 1 They help you organize who you’re following

Lists let you organize your followers into different groups of people and/or areas of interest.  Instead trying listen to what all your twitter followers are saying; you can focus on the key conversations by the main people whose tweets you want to read.

This reduces the noise created when you’re following lots of users; saving you time, makes your life easier and lets you quickly connect with those you most want to interact with.

Twitter clients and the web interface are designed to let you quickly check your twitter lists.

#2 They help other twitter users

Twitter lists can be public or private.  A public twitter list can be viewed by anyone and other twitter users can quickly follow your list or choose people from your list to follow.

A private list and who is on that list can only be viewed by you.

Public list also highlights who other twitter users recommend as worth following.  If you look at a user’s profile in TweetDeck it displays the number of lists a user has been added to.


Twitter lists are handy if you’re running a workshop on using Twitter, or want to encourage your students to follow specific twitter users.  It’s as simple as creating the list and then getting them to either follow the list or the users on the list.


  • You don’t need to be following some one to add them to a list.
  • Subscribing to someone’s list doesn’t mean you now following all users on that list.  You’ll just see the tweets from users when you view that list.  You need to click follow next a user if you want to follow them to have their tweets appear in your twitter timeline.

Creating a list in Tweetdeck as simple as:

1.  Click on the Lists icon in Tweetdeck.

Click on lists icon

2.  Click on Create a list.

Click on Create List

3.  Add the name of your list, a short description (optional) and choose if it is public or private (only you can see a private list).

4. Click Save.

Create your new list

5.  Add / remove users to / from your list by selecting ‘Add or remove from list’ under the More Link under a tweet.

Add to list

Or using the ‘Add or remove from list’ option on a user’s profile page.

Adding a person to a list

You find users to add by:

  • searching for them
  • using their profile page
  • looking through your follower / following list or other twitter users follower / following list
  • adding them as you see their tweet.

6. Now just select which list to add them to and click Done.

Add to the list
Subscribing to someone else’s twitter list via the web interface is as simple as:

1.  Click on the person’s List tab located under More on their profile page.

Click on Lists

2.  Click on the list you would like to subscribe to.

Click on name of list

3.  On the list page click Subscribe to follow the list.

Click on Subscribe

4.  Alternatively you follow people on the list by clicking on List members and then Follow for those you want to add to your twitter account.

Click on Members

Watch this video to learn how to create a Twitter list.

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Scheduling Tweets

There are a range of tools that can be used to schedule your tweets to be posted at specific times and date.

This is handy for:

  • Promoting events or sharing details on conference sessions – especially when you might be busy at the event.
  • Sharing information with twitter followers in different time zones.
  • Sharing links and information while you’re away.
  • Situations where you might forget or can’t post but want to make sure the information shared.

Examples of tools you can use to schedule tweets include:

A simple option is to use TweetDeck.

Scheduling tweets using TweetDeck is as easy as:

1.  Click on the Compose Tweet icon

2.  Compose your tweet and then click on Schedule Tweet.

Compose your message

3.  Select the date and time you want the message to be tweeted.

4.  Click Tweet at.

Click on Tweet at

5.  A new column will appear with your scheduled Tweets.

6.  You use this column to edit or delete a schedule tweet at any time.

Watch this video to see how you schedule a Tweeting using Tweetdeck for a Twitter Chat.

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Embedding tweets

A cool aspect of Tweets is you can easily embed them into your blog posts.

To easily embed a tweet in an Edublogs blog, or WordPress powered blog you just need to:

1.  Locate the tweet you want to embed and click on the timestamp.


3.  You’ll be taken to the tweet’s individual page.  Copy the URL in your web browser’s address bar.

Copy URL

2.  Go to Posts > Add New or Pages > Add New or open an existing post or page in editing mode.

3.  Paste the URL on a line by itself in  your post/page editor.

Paste the URL

Below is what an embedded tweet looks like embedded:


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Customizing your profile

Twitter launched a new profile design in April, 2014 and one of the key changes was a larger profile image and header image that spans the width of your screen.    Prior to this change you would personalize your profile design using a background image.  With this new Twitter profile design, background image is no longer needed, because it isn’t visible on your profile page and the header image is now how you make your account stand out from others.

The background image still shows up when someone views an individual tweet or a list you’ve created however most recommend you change to a solid background color if  you had been using a background image previously.  You can remove your background image in Settings > Design.

You add or change your header photo as follows:

1.  Click on the Me tab in the top left of the navigation bar via the web.

Click on Me

2.  Click on Edit Profile.

Click on Edit Profile

3.  Click the camera icon over your header image to change your header photo. Select to Upload photo or Remove, or simply drag and drop a photo into this section.

  • Recommended dimensions for header photos are 1500 x 500 pixels.
  • The header is visible when someone visits your profile from any device; and changes with screen size.
  • The header has visible and invisible areas that change depending on if your profile is viewed on a computer, a tablet or a smartphone.  Refer to this header template to learn more.
  • Recommended dimensions for profile photo are 400 x 400 pixels.

Click on Change header

4.  Click Save Changes.

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What to do if your twitter account is hacked

There are Twitter worms that work by hacking users account by stealing their account credentials when the user clicks on the link.  Unexpected tweets or sudden unintended DMs being sent from your account are indicators your account might have been compromised.

Here’s what you need to do if your account has been compromised.

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Keeping up with links shared on Twitter

A twitter network is a rich source of great links to read and it’s handy to grab these links using twitter tools so you can check them out at your leisure.

Here’s some options:

      1. Flipboard – collects the content of social networks and websites and then presents them in a magazine format on a mobile device.  Learn more about using Flipboard here.
      2. Zite – similar to Flipboard and collects the content of social networks and websites and then presents them in a magazine format on an iPad, iPhone and iPod Touch
      3. Shiftlinks – creates an RSS feed of your links posted by your twitter followers which you can subscribe to using an feed reader such as Google Reader. This works works well when following a small number of people.
      4. –  creates a daily newspaper based on the top links shared by your twitter follower. Here’s my personalised

Paper-li can be set up to send an automatic tweet of your daily newspaper and identify the source of your top stories of the day based on RTs, Favorites etc.

Flipboards is very popular for any one using an mobile device because it allows you to easily read, share, bookmark and retweet links from within the Flipboard app.  Learn more about using Flipboard here.

Watch my video on how I use Flipboard to keep up with links shared on Twitter.

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Cool Twitter tools

There are so many tools for getting even more out of using twitter.  Check out the Definitive list of Twitter tools to see some of the different options.

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Using Twitter with students

Educators aren’t just using Twitter for their personal learning; they are also using it in innovative ways in their classrooms.  We’ve seen a significant increase in the number of class and school twitter accounts.  You’ll find a comprehensive list of Twitter class accounts here.

Here are some tips for using Twitter with students:

  1. Set up a classroom twitter account separate from your personal twitter account.  Most teachers allow their students to log into the class twitter account during class to compose tweets but the tweets aren’t allowed to be sent until checked by the teacher or an adult.
  2. If you decide to use a hashtag make sure it isn’t being used by others.
  3. Carefully select who you follow as students will see all tweets by any account you are following.  Drew Frank’s Classroom Twitter list is a good place to find other class twitter accounts to follow.
  4. Make sure parents are aware you are using Twitter in class and check your school’s policies to find out if parent’s need to sign a permission form.  Karen Lirenman’s permission form is located here.

Here’s where you can find out more about using Twitter in your Classroom:

Below is a summary of a twitter conversation by teacher using twitter to connect with content experts to help answer student questions.

Twitter Conversation

Watch this video of Karen Lirenman explains how she uses Twitter with her Grade One students.

Watch this video to learn how Ms Cassidy’s Grade One students use Twitter in their classroom.

Here is an example of a teacher using Twitter with English language learners.

What Do You Think?

Have we missed any important tips or resources?

Let us know in the comments below and we will be sure to add it to the post!

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97 thoughts on “The Twitteraholic’s Ultimate Guide to tweets, hashtags, and all things Twitter

  1. Thank you for all that. Can you tell me what a camera icon in a box means when i try to reply to a rweet. Does it mean all responses are blocked?

  2. Hello, I’m facing problem Right now is about replies and mention, if I tag or mention any one of my friens ,thy did not receive my tweet, even thy not receive notification , but all tweets I done is appearing in my profile timeline , can you help me ?

  3. On my wife twitter it shows that I follow my ex girlfriend, and some others who I don’t follow and never have. Please help before I get divorced, Thanks

  4. Hi, thanks for the superb guide! I am new to Twitter. I’m trying to see all tweets that contain a certain blog link – is there a way?

  5. I just started tweeting and have set up a list. How do I just send out a tweet for the entire list?


    @Perpetual Runner

    List name is: Runners

  6. I cannot find this anywhere. Where can I see who has received my tweets? I know to put a period before the @, but where can I find who actually received the tweet? Thanks, Stephen

  7. What is twitter’s policy when it comes to people using someone’s name and picture? I’ve noticed that there are a lot of people in twitter using someone’s name and picture?

  8. Thanks for this post….I’m a teacher in Spain. I will introduce Twitter in my classroom the coming course

  9. This might sound like a silly question but would you mind telling me what the white check mark (tick) inside a blue shape stands for?

    I see this symbol next to some twitter people’s name but I don’t know what it means.

    Thanks so much

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